Victoria (BC) is the capital of British Columbia(BC). Although the city of Victoria itself has a population of only 80,000, the Greater Victoria Area (including suburban communities) has a population of about 345,000. The Greater Victoria Area includes the city of Victoria, as well as the municipalities of Saanich, Esquimalt, Oak Bay, Langford, and North Saanich. The most populous municipality of the Victoria area is actually Saanich and not the city of Victoria itself, with about 110,000.
In 2011, there were 182,000 jobs in Victoria's metro area. With Victoria being the capital of BC, it is not surprising that the public sector is responsible for a very large share of the jobs in Victoria compared to many other cities. 13 out the the 15 largest Employers in Victoria (measured by number of employees) are in the public sector. Over 20,000 or about 11% of all jobs in Victoria BC are in the Public Administration sector. Additional 26,000 jobs (almost 15%) of Victoria's jobs are in the health sector. The Department of National Defence is the largest employer in Victoria and accounts for 12,400 jobs in Victoria alone, followed by the various provincial ministries of BC, which account for additional 12,159 Victoria jobs. Major private sector employers include Thrifty Foods Lts with 1,165 Jobs in Victoria, and th BC Telephone Company - which is responsible for 716 Victoria jobs.